EU R&D Resources
The 6th Framework Programme for Research and Development of the European Union (FP6, 2002-2006) had only about 18 billion Euros. The budget of the 7th Framework Programme (FP7, 2007-2013) was already more than 50 billion Euros. In the 8th Framework Programme called Horizon2020 the EU will have more than 80 billion Euros for the common EU R&D programme.
The Horizon2020 includes not only R&D support for the next financial period, but also contains such instruments as the support for exchange of researchers, the Competitiveness and Innovation Programme (CIP which also includes the ICT PSP Programme), or the budget for the European Technology Institute (Budapest). The Horizon2020 strategy identifies the following three main areas:
This framework is abundant with ICT development possibilities, since today there is very little chance to step forward without this technology. But ICT, as always, will have a separate strategy also this time around.
The ICT sector represents about 5 % of the economy of the European Union. But it generates more than 50 % of European growth! European R&D has some brilliant success such as the GSM, the 3G an 4G mobile networks, the DVB standard, the OLED. In the FP7, ICT had about 9 billion Euro. In the Horizon2020, the EC proposes 50% more money. The priorities of the ICT strategy are next:
- A new generation of components and systems including Micro / nano-electronics and photonics technologies, components and embedded systems engineering.
- Next generation computing, Advanced computing systems and technologies.
- Infrastructures, technologies and services for the future Internet.
- Content technologies and information management, including ICT for digital content and creativity.
- Advanced interfaces and robots and Robotics and smart spaces.
The new framework programme has several simplifications concerning the structure of the programmes, the management, as well as the rules of participation, especially for SMEs.
"The task is not so much to see what no one has yet seen, but to think what nobody yet has thought about that which everybody sees."